mean and Origins
Tzitzit ( ציצית ) translates from the Hebrew as “ fringes ” or “ tassels, ” and is pronounced either as “ tzitzit ” or tzitzis. ” The tzitzit are closely related to the tallit ( טָלֵית ), besides pronounced either as “ tallit ” or “ prayer shawl, ” which translates from the Hebrew as “ cloak. ”
Reading: Tassels in Jewish Religious Wardrobe
The mitzvah, or command, to wear tzitzit originates in the Torah, the Hebrew Bible, in Numbers 15:38-39 .
“Speak to the children of Israel and say to them: They shall make for themselves fringes on the corners of their garments… And this shall be tzitzit for you, and when you see it, you will remember all the commandments of God, and perform them.”
The command here is quite elementary : Every day, wear a garment with tzitzit then that you remember God and the mitzvot ( commandments ). It was common daily commit in ancient times for the Israelites to wear a simple dress with four corners with the control tzitzit .
however, as the Israelites began to disperse and blend into other societies, this garment likely fell out of coarse practice and one garment evolved out of necessity into two with the tallit gadol and tallit katan .
The tallit gadol ( “ big cloak ” ) is the prayer shawl that is worn during good morning prayers, services on the Sabbath and holidays, equally well as extra occasions and gay days. It is much used to make the chuppah, or wedding canopy, under which a world and charwoman are married. It is typically quite large and, in some cases, has colored embellishments and can besides have a cosmetic atarah — literally “ pennant ” but normally an embroidery or silver decoration — along the neckline .
The tallit katan ( “ small clothe ” ) is the garment that is wear casual by those from the time that they ‘ve reached the senesce of legal profession mitzvah. It is alike to a poncho, with four corners and a hole for the head. Upon each of the four corners is found the uniquely knotted tassels, the tzitzit. It is typically belittled adequate to fit comfortably underneath a jersey or dress shirt .
The tzitzit, or fringes, on both garments, are tied in a alone room, and tzitzit tying customs vary from community to community. however, the standard is that on each of the four corners there are eight strings with five knots. This is particularly meaningful as the gematria, or numeric value, of the password tzitzit is 600, plus the eight strings and five knots, which brings the summarize to 613, which is the number of mitzvot or commandments in the Torah .
According to the Orach Chayim ( 16:1 ), the tallit must be large adequate to clothe a child who is able to stand and walk. The tzitzit strings must be made of wool or the lapp substantial from which the dress is made ( Orach Chayim 9:2-3 ). Some use strings of techeylet ( תכלת ) within their tzitzit, which is a blue or greenish blue dye mentioned countless times in the Torah, particularly in regards to the garments of the high Priests.
In Orthodox Judaism, a tallit katan is break daily, with a tallit gadol or prayer shawl used on the Sabbath, for dawn prayers, on holidays, and for early special occasions. In the Orthodox world, boys begin being educated in tzitzit and start wearing a tallit katan at the age of 3three, because it is considered the old age of education .
In Conservative and Reform Judaism, there are those who follow the Orthodox rehearse and those who merely use a tallit gadol, but daily do not don a tallit katan. Among reform Jews, the tallit gadol has become smaller in size over the years and is a much narrower shawl than that break in traditional Orthodox circles .
The Prayer for Donning a Tallit Katan
For those who don the tallit katan, a entreaty is said in the morning upon putting the dress on .
בָּרוּך אַתָּה ה’ אֱ-להֵינוּ מֶלֶך הָעוֹלָם אַשֶׁר קִדְשָנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָנוּ לְהִתעַטֵף בְּצִיצִת
Baruch atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha’olam, asher kideshanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu l’hit’atef b’tzitzit.
Blessed are you, Lord our God, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to enwrap ourselves with tzitzit.
The Prayer for New or Replaced Tzitzit
For those who are placing tzitzit on a new dress, such as a tallit, or replacing damaged tzitzit on a tallit, a particular prayer is recited .
בָּרוּך אַתָּה ה’ אֱ-להֵינוּ מֶלֶך הָעוֹלָם אַשֶׁר קִדְשָנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָנוּ עַל מִצְוַת צִיצִת
Baruch atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha’olam, asher kideshanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu al mitzvat tzitzit.
Blessed are you, Lord our God, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us concerning the mitzvah of tzitzit.
Women and Tzitzit
much like with phylactery, the duty to wear tzitzit is considered a commandment that is bound by time, for which women are considered not obligated. however, among some conservative and Reform Jews, it is common for women to wear a tallit gadol for entreaty and less common for women to wear the tallit katan daily .