Kimono literally means a “ thing to wear ” in japanese. today, a kimono is worn only indeed frequently, chiefly during special and formal occasions such as weddings, tea ceremonies, dinner dress traditional events and funerals. There are many different types and styles of kimonos and appropriate style and color of kimono are chosen depending on the occasion and the person ’ sulfur historic period and marital condition .
The history of this traditional japanese garment goes back to the Heian period ( 794-1192 ). Over time, people started wearing the kimono as everyday dress and gradually layering came into fashion. By the Edo menstruation ( 1603-1868 ), kimono making had become a specialize craft. During the Meiji Period ( 1868-1912 ), assorted extraneous cultures heavily influenced the japanese culture, clothes being besides share of this. The japanese government started to encourage people to adopt raw ( western ) clothing styles. nowadays japanese people are wearing Western-style invest and entirely wear the kimono for special occasions .
Components of a kimono
A kimono is traditionally crafted from handmade and hand-decorated fabrics, including linen, silk, and hemp. Materials such as polyester, cotton, and rayon are besides often used nowadays. Decoration techniques include embroidery, paint and dyeing. Men ’ s kimonos normally have more subdued colors than a women ’ mho kimonos, which is broadly more colored and has beautiful, rich patterns. A women ’ south kimono is accompanied by a wide-eyed belt called obeah, which is much a objet d’art of art in itself with gorgeous patterns and colors. There are respective techniques for tying an obeah and making a submit.
Kimonos were traditionally worn with 1 to 20 layers for fashion and warmth depending on the formality of the occasion, the social status of a person wearing the kimono and the season. These layers include a nagajuban, a simple robe that is worn under a kimono. People used to wear another layer of clothe between nagajuban and kimono called hiyoku for a formal juncture. today, however, hiyoku is substituted by tsuke-hiyoku, which are partial double layers at the stage or apprehension that make it seem like you are wearing a hiyoku .
Types of kimono
There are many different types of kimono, specially for women, depending on occasions, the person ’ randomness long time and marital condition. The furisode or swinging sleeves is worn by unmarried women and girls, and has long sleeves. The furisode normally comes in bright colors and dramatic designs, and today most women wear it during the coming of old age ceremony .
Girls wearing a furisode at the Coming of age ceremony
The yukata is a casual version of the kimono popularly worn at ryokan and during summer festivals by both men and women. A yukata is traditionally made of cotton, and nowadays sometimes it is besides made of polyester. Because a yukata is worn without undergarments, it is lighter than other types of kimono. Though it is the most informal, the yukata is the most democratic among japanese kimono types, and you can see people wearing yukata not only during festivals but besides in diachronic cities like Kyoto. Being a much cheaper alternative to the traditional kimono, a yukata is besides a popular memento among tourists !
The price of a kimono
The price of a kimono can vary greatly depending on the substantial used and decorations, the typical tip for a basic kimono starts at ¥20,000, with silk kimonos priced somewhere between ¥380,000 to ¥10 million. deluxe silk kimonos with ample embellishment and/or painting can easily cost up to millions of yen. This is part of the reason why good quality kimonos are passed down from generation to generation. Today, many people besides rent a kimono to wear at weddings or other formal ceremonies. Yukata prices range between ¥3,000 and ¥10,000 and are widely available. many memento shops sell them, but besides mainstream shops such as UNIQLO sell the traditional japanese summer wear .
Haori & Hakama
Haori and hakama are, when wear together, a courtly equip for men typically worn by a prepare during wedding, coming of historic period ceremony, and other large animation events .
A haori is an greatcoat break on lead of a kimono. In the by, haori were worn by men in battles to protect them against the coldness. however, in modern Japan, haori are besides used as a work uniform of those working in classical japanese field, or as an overcoat to be worn over yukata in ryokan. Women can besides use haori over kimono .
- Haori & hakama
The hakama is a skirt-like pants worn with a kimono. The japanese hakama were originally worn only by men such as samurai and people participating Shinto rituals. however, in the advanced earned run average women besides wear them on certain occasions including a university commencement ceremony. A hakama is besides worn by people working at a shrine, or when doing kendo ( japanese swordsmanship ), kyudo ( japanese archery ), aikido and early soldierly arts .
Happi & Hanten
A hanten is a short winter coat with cotton padding for heat and a sew apprehension. It was primitively worn over a kimono or other garments for both women and men. It is similar to haori, however, in the Edo period wearing haori was restricted to certain social classes, while hanten were available to all .
A happi is besides a short coat but much more casual than the haori or hanten. Happi were primitively worn by house servants as the class crown representatives. In the past, firefighters besides used to wear a happi, the symbol on their backs would refer to the group to which they belonged to. A happi comes normally in complain colors, typically blue, with white, red, and black. Nowadays a happi is wear chiefly during festivals, with the kanji for matsuri ( festival in japanese ), printed on the back, and it frequently comes with a pit headband .
The fundoshi is a comfortable and very traditional japanese male undergarment, made from a length of cotton. Until WWII, a fundoshi was mainstream underwear among men in Japan, and there were respective different types which were worn for different events, situations, and among different people. Nowadays, you probably entirely see fundoshi being worn at traditional festivals. Sumo wrestlers besides wear a type of fundoshi called mawashi .
Samue and Jinbei
Samue and jinbei are traditional slack clothes made from cotton or cannabis, and are typically dyed with a solid color such as indigo, blue or green. They both come in a match bent of a top and trousers.
A samue was in the first place worn by Buddhist monks when they work, while the jinbei was used by town for everyday practice. Samue are much worn by farmers when working in the garden .
The samue and junbei look identical similar to each other, but the crucial difference between the two is the pants. The trousers of the samue are long trousers up to the ankle, and Jinbei are shorts under the stifle. The second major remainder is that many of jinbei are knitted with thread about the shoulder parts for better public discussion. The samue is tire careless of the temper, but jinbei is basically summer invest .
Japanese traditional accessories
When women wear kimono, they normally use kanzashi, hair ornaments, to complement their traditional japanese hairstyles. The kanzashi has a long history and is even worn by many in advanced times. When attending a conventional event, many women will wear a kanzashi in their hair .
There are many types of kanzashi including Tama ( ball ) kanzashi, Hirauchi ( directly ) kanzashi, Yuremono ( swinging ) kanzashi, Musubi ( ravel ) kanzashi, Tsumami ( knob crafted ) kanzashi, and Bachi gata ( fan shaped ) kanzashi. Hair combs can besides be beautifully decorated and used as a hair decoration .
Tabi are traditional japanese socks dating back to the fifteenth century. They are typically made of cotton and are worn by both women and men with footwear such as pusher and sometimes geta when people wear kimono .
- Tabi & Zori
They are a type of tabi but made of clayey, rougher material and much having rubber soles. While tabi are used as socks, jika-tabi are normally used as out footwear like a copulate of boots. They are used by construction workers, farmers, gardeners, rickshaw-pullers and other laborers .
Jika-tabi at the festival
Geta are traditional japanese sandals that look like flip-flops. The most authoritative style of clog consists of one board of solid wooden base elevated with two smaller peg. On the exceed of the shoe you will find the v-shaped strip of fabric known as the hanao. Oiran, high-level courtesans in the Edo period in Japan, wore grandiloquent, lacquer koma-geta or mitsu-ashi ( literally “ three legs ” ) when walking in a parade with their attendants .
Zori are traditional sandals that look similar to geta, and can be made of rice straw, fabric, lacquered wood, leather, or arctic. Women ’ randomness pusher are constantly raised in the heel while men ’ south pusher are always flat. Some beautifully decorated women ’ randomness pusher are worn with kimono .
Okobo, besides known as pokkuri, are the wooden platform sandals worn by young girls, women, and Maiko ( apprentice geisha ) in some regions of Japan. They are typically created from a hearty block of forest, between 10 to 15 curium in size, and normally feature small bells tied to the bottom of the shoe ’ s slope .
A hachimaki is a japanese headband, normally made of red or white fabric. japanese legend states that hachimaki strengthens the liveliness and keeps you safe from malefic spirits and demons. It is thought that the vogue started with the samurai, who wore the headbands under their helmets to absorb fret, and to keep the helmets in identify during struggle. today they are worn as a symbol of feat or courage, specially by those in the military or by students in examination period, or at the festivals .
Hachimaki for Yosakoi Festival
The literal mean of tenugui is hand rub. A tenugui is a cotton towel that has been used by japanese households since the 9th hundred. These multi-purpose cloths are used everyday as hand towels, dishcloths, and washcloths. They are typically about 35 by 90 centimeters in size, plain weave, and about always dyed with some model, often they have such beautiful and colorful designs, people besides use them as a headwrap or read/write head band. They are sometimes even used as decorations and hang on the wall like tapestries.
japanese traditional invest and accessories are an significant partially of japanese culture. Some of the traditions are already centuries old and people take big pride in wearing the appropriate overdress for certain events. When you are in Japan, you will have opportunities to find people wearing the unlike items, specially when you visit the more traditional or touristic areas. You can besides purchase at peculiarity shops, but be mindful that these can be amazingly expensive. When you are looking for a great memento or good for a option try on some of the traditional japanese dress, spirit for the many kimono rental shops. At the tourist spots like Kawagoe, Kamakura, Gion zone in Kyoto or Asakusa in Tokyo, you will find many unlike options for kimono rental, some even including photoshoots or tea ceremonies !
glad travel !