This resource is intended to : ( 1 ) provide background cognition about Muslim people and Islam, ( 2 ) disperse stereotypes and myths and replace them with facts and information, ( 3 ) suggest ways that educators can address these authoritative topics in the classroom and ( 4 ) put up relevant winder words and definitions .
Myth #1: All Muslim people are Arab or Middle Eastern.
Although Islam began as a religion in the Middle East and its holiest sites are located there, the region is home to lone about 20 % of the populace ’ south Muslims. As of 2015, there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the world, which is roughly 24 % of the world ’ second population, according to a Pew Research Center estimate. While many people think that most Muslims are of Middle Eastern descent, in actuality Indonesia ( in Southeast Asia ) presently has the single largest muslim population. Projections into the future estimate that India ( in South Asia ) will have the world ’ randomness largest population of Muslims by the year 2050.
In terms of Muslims in the United States, 75 % of all U.S. Muslim adults have lived in this country since before 2000. The muslim american population is significantly younger and more racially divers than the population as a hale, with 30 % describing themselves as white, 23 % as black, 21 % as asian, 6 % as hispanic and 19 % as early or interracial race .
Myth #2: Islam is a violent religion and Muslims identify with terrorism.
Within every religion, there exists a spectrum of attitudes and demeanor and extremism is not alone to one particular impression organization. There are people who sincerely view themselves as Muslims who have committed atrocious acts in the identify of Islam. These people, and their interpretation of Islam, is rightly called “ extremist ; ” they are a minority within Islam and the huge majority of Muslims reject their ferocity and consider their interpretation a distortion of the Muslim religion. extremism is not unique to Islam .
According to a 2015 Pew Research Center study collected in 11 countries with significant Muslim populations, people overwhelmingly expressed negative views of ISIS. It is significant to keep in mind that Islam, like other Abrahamic religions, includes a big pool of opinions and different ways to understand the traditional holy place textbook that was written in a different era. Terrorists use radical interpretations of Islam, which take a small number of texts that were meant to regulate war in the early on days of Islam. Terrorists then apply these interpretations to contemporary times .
There is besides a perception—even among many Muslims—that Muslim groups and leaders do not sufficiently denounce acts of terrorism. A 2011 Pew survey found that about half of all U.S. Muslims said their own religious leaders have not done enough to speak out against terrorism and extremists. however, it is useful to note that there are many Muslim heads of department of state, politicians, organizational leaders and individuals who regularly condemn these acts. For exemplar, after the 2015 terrorist attacks in France, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar and Egypt led condemnations of the attacks. A coalition of leading national and local American Muslim groups besides held a press conference to condemn the attacks. Further, thousands of Muslim clerics worldwide passed a “ fatwa ” ( i.e. Islamic legal impression ) against terrorist organizations such as ISIS, the Taliban and al-qaeda and requested that these terrorist groups not be branded as “ Muslim organizations. ”
Muslims are besides subject to increase incidents of hate crimes. In 2014, there was an overall decrease in hate crimes in the United States, but the count of hate crimes targeting Muslims grew from 135 in 2013 to 154 in 2014. And this is most likely an underrepresentation of the number of Muslims targeted because the numbers reflect only those crimes reported to police .
It is important to remember that terrorist attacks in the United States have been committed by extremists who have adhered to a wide range of ideological beliefs including the Ku Klux Klan, white domination, anti-government, Islamic extremism and others. No one political orientation is responsible for terrorism in the United States .
Myth #3: You can’t be Muslim and be patriotic to America.
Based on a Pew Research Study survey, there are an estimate 3.45 million Muslims in the United States ( some estimates of the Muslim population are larger ), making up about 1.1 % of the sum population. A 2011 Gallup pate found that the majority of Muslim-Americans say that they are patriotic to the United States and are optimistic about the future even though they experience bias and discrimination. In a 2011 study by Pew, a majority of Muslim Americans ( 56 % ) reported that most Muslims who come to the United States want to adopt american customs and ways of life sentence .
Muslim Americans are equally a likely to identify with their religion as they do with the United States ; 69 % identify powerfully with the U.S. and 65 % name with their religion. A 2013 Pew sketch found that most Muslim-Americans ( 63 % ) say there is no built-in tension between being devout and living in a modern society ; as a indicate of comparison 64 % of american Christians felt that way. There are presently two members of the United States Congress who are Muslim-American ( Keith Ellison of Minnesota and Andre Carson of Indiana ) and 5,896 members of the U.S. military self-identify as Muslim. ( Note that of the 2.2 million members of the military, 400,000 of those have not reported their religion so the act of Muslims in the military is probable higher. )
Myth #4: Islam oppresses women and forces them into a subservient role.
A common sensing is that Muslim women are oppressed, discriminated against and hold a subservient position in society. The character and condition of Muslim women in company can not be separated from the function of women in the larger society because women around the world of all races, religions and nationalities face inequality on many levels. Muslim women are not alone in this. The Quran explicitly states that men and women are peer in the eyes of God and forbids female infanticide, instructs Muslims to educate daughters american samoa well as sons, insists that women have the correct to refuse a prospective conserve, gives women the right to divorce in certain cases, etc. however, interpretation of sex roles specified in the Quran varies with unlike countries and cultures and in the Islamic earth, there exist principles and practices that subjugate and persecute women ( e.g. forced marriages, abductions, loss of education, restricted mobility ). many contemporary women and men reject limitations put on women and reinterpret the koran from this position. It is besides authoritative to understand that, alike to other religions, people in positions of power will sometimes use religion as an excuse to justify oppression of women .
The forefront scarf is frequently cited as an case of oppression. The Quran directs both men and women to dress with modesty but how this is interpreted and carried out varies a bang-up deal. many people think that Muslim women are forced to wear a hijab ( head scarf ), niqab or burqa. While it is dependable that in some countries with meaning Muslim populations women are forced to wear the hijab, this is not the cause Muslim women wear the hijab in most cases, peculiarly in the United States. In fact, many women choose to wear a hijab, niqab or burqa on their own and do sol for a assortment of reasons including a sense of pride in being Muslim, a collective sense of identity or to convey a smell of self-denial in populace biography.
Another measure of women ’ sulfur roles in Muslim society is leadership. Since 1988, eight countries have had Muslim women as their heads of state, including Turkey, Indonesia, Senegal, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Bangladesh ( two different women ), Pakistan and Mauritius. many Muslim countries—including Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia—have a higher percentage of women in national elected position than does the United States .
3 Things Educators Can Do
- Incorporate the experiences, perspective and words of Muslim people into the curriculum through social studies and current events instruction, children’s literature, and learning about different cultures. When you teach about world religions, be sure to include Islam.
- Teach about stereotypes, bias and discrimination in all forms, including religious bigotry. Discuss different forms that bias and discrimination can take in personal interactions, school, the community and the larger society.
- Help young people learn the different ways they can be an ally when they encounter bullying or bias that target Muslim students, both in person and online.
G, Dalia. 2015. Meet the nine Muslim women who ruled the nations .
Goodstein, L. 2011. Muslims are firm to U.S. and aspirant, poll finds. The New York Times, August 2, 2011 .
Khan, M., and L. Martinez. 2015. More than 5,000 Muslims serving in U.S. military Pentagon says. New York : ABC News .
Lipka, M. 2015. Muslims and Islam : key findings in the U.S. and around the global. Washington : Pew Research Center .
PBS. What factors determine the changing roles of women in the Middle East and Islamic societies ?. arlington : Public Broadcasting Service.
Pew Research Center. 2011. muslim Americans : No signs of growth in alienation or defend for extremism. Washington : Pew Research Center .
Poushter, J. 2015. In nations with meaning Muslim populations, much contempt for ISIS. Washington : Pew Research Center .
Younis, M. 2011. Muslim Americas identify with God and country. Washington : Gallup .
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