If you want to learn more about Lady Liberty, you ‘ve landed in the right position. With these 11 enlighten facts about the Statue of Liberty, we hope to shed some light on the history of this iconic statue .
Liberty, Island, New York City, New York
October 28, 1886
151 ft / 46 meters (statue only); 305 ft / 93 meters (from ground level)
Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
The Statue of Liberty’s full name is “Liberty Enlightening the World.”
While most people know the monument as the Statue of Liberty, this title is actually nothing more than a mainstream nickname. officially, the sculpture was christened Liberty Enlightening the World ( “ La Liberté éclairant le monde ” ), a poetic appoint picked out by the french .
While these monikers may vary, both designate the calculate as a delineation of “ Liberty ” —a translation of the Latin Libertas, a Roman goddess who embodied the idea of exemption .
France gave it to America in 1886.
Wondering why the lineage of the sculpture ‘s name can be found in France ? The answer is dim-witted : lady Liberty is a french export !
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In 1875, french sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and his team—including Gustave Eiffel, the interior designer of the world-famous Eiffel Tower —began constructing the copper statue as a endow to America. specifically, it was intended as a gesture of friendship following the american Civil War .
While the sculpt was still in-progress, pieces were exhibited at the World ‘s Fair in Paris—and, even today, memento of the repository can be found in the City of Light .
The statue’s face may be modeled after the sculptor’s mother.
The Statue of Liberty was inspired by a few women, including the Roman goddess Libertas and an arabian charwoman from Bartholdi ’ s earlier marriage proposal for an egyptian statue. The confront of the statue came from divine guidance a fiddling closer to family, the sculptor ’ s mother Charlotte .
It represents Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom.
Libertas stood for freedom and independence both for individuals and in company. Libertas was often depicted as a clothe woman and so was used by Bartholdi as divine guidance for the Statue of Liberty .
Small-scale copies are scattered around Paris.
Throughout Paris, several replicas pay up court to Lady Liberty ‘s french roots .
In the Musée d’Orsay, there is a 9.4-foot-tall copy mold by Bartholdi himself. This sculpt used to be in the Luxembourg Gardens. today, a newer copy can be found in its original locate .
Another bronze replica of the lapp altitude stands outside the Musée des Arts et Métiers, a museum appropriately dedicated to industrial design. Inside the museum, visitors will besides find the original poultice maquette crafted by Bartholdi .
A final copy can be found on the Île aux Cygnes, a man-made island in the Seine River. This sculpture was actually a giving from America as a way to say “ thank you ” for Liberty Enlightening the World .
The statue was brought to New York in pieces.
Given the solid size of the New York-based sculpture, the french decided to ship it as a serial of 350 parts. In 1884, once it reached Bedloe Island—known today as Liberty Island—it was pieced together and placed on a pedestal preliminarily built by the Americans .
Filmmakers love wrecking the Statue of Liberty.
If you ’ re a film fan, you might have seen the end of the Statue of Liberty a few times. This might be the case because the statue is such an iconic symbol that seeing it destroyed leaves a permanent depression. You can find dame Liberty in disrepair in Independence Day, The Day After Tomorrow, and Planet of the Apes .
It functioned as a lighthouse for 16 years.
Two years after it made its distinguished debut in New York Harbor, Lady Liberty adopted an enlightening function. For 16 years, it doubled as a lighthouse, with the figure ‘s emblematic lamp serving as the beacon .
unfortunately, this lighter reference proved excessively blind for ships to see, and the statue stopped operating as a beacon under the order of President Theodore Roosevelt .
It is struck by lightning about 600 times a year.
It is estimated that the Statue of Liberty is struck by lightning 600 times a year, though this number is an modal and depends on weather conditions .
The statue is filled with symbolism.
still, even without a specific function, the Statue of Liberty continued to play an crucial function. specifically, since its attack, it has been celebrated for its complex and comprehensive symbolism .
From her head ( her crown consists of seven rays, referencing the seven continents and seas ) to her toes ( her feet are shackled in chains that have triumphantly been broken ), Lady Liberty is cloaked in metaphors. In one hand, a common mullein represents nirvana ; in the other, a pad of the law is inscribed with “ JULY IV MDCCLXXVI, ” the date of american independence .
even her put is symbolic, as she faces southeast to welcome ships—namely, those carrying immigrants to the Unites States—into the harbor .
Its famous inscription was written to raise funds for its construction.
In addition to the symbolism of its strategic orientation, the statue is inherently associated with immigration because of The New Colossus, a poem inscribed on a plaque attached to its pedestal .
Written by American poet Emma Lazarus, this sonnet—and, specifically, the lines : “ Give me your run down, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe dislodge ” —has come to represent what the statue stands for .
Lazarus penned this poem in orderliness to raise money for the construction of the 89-foot stone pedestal, which the Americans were responsible for .
It cost only $500,000.
Though this come may seem surprisingly low, the $ 500,000 would amount to over $ 10 million today .
The statue wears a size 879 shoe.
Given the huge size of this pedestal, it is no surprise that Lady Liberty weighs a sock 225 tons —and has a stature to match .
From the bottom of the nucleotide to the peak of the torch, the Statue of Liberty measures 305 feet and 1 inch tall. To climb to the pennant, visitors must ascend 354 stairs, or 20 stories, with Lady Liberty ‘s size 879 brake shoe serving roughly as a center point .
In the 1980s, Lady Liberty received a much-needed makeover.
To mark its centennial, the Statue of Liberty was renovated from 1984-1986. This restoration visualize was a team attempt made possible by scientists, engineers, government organizations, and other professionals .
It was a huge undertake, which involved filling holes in the copper, replacing rusted iron pieces with stainless steel steel substitutes, and adding a dazzle gold-leaf touch to the torch .
The spikes on the crown symbolize liberty as a universal concept.
The spikes on the Statue of Liberty ’ s pate represent the Seven Seas and seven continents, meaning that though this is an american memorial, the freedom it stands for is a cosmopolitan concept .
There are 25 windows in the crown.
Though they are unmanageable to see from the land, the pennant of the statue includes 25 windows that allow for alone see of New York and New Jersey .
There are 393 steps taking visitors up to the crown.
To look through the windows in the crown, visitors will have to climb 393 steps. This distance is roughly the upright distance of 27 levels in a normal construction .
Its green color, however, is here to stay.
While the restoration team throughly cleaned the statue ‘s copper surface, its iconic green color remained. Known as a patina, this coating is a resultant role of the copper’s oxidation. thus, while the sculpt was originally the red-brown color of a penny, it has gradually turned a ghost of tire green—and will remain that semblance for years to come .
Laboulaye hoped it would inspire France as well.
Though it was a gift to the United States, Edouard de Laboulaye who gave the estimate for the statue hoped the repository to freedom would push the french to fight for exemption under Napolean III .
Every year, 4.5 million people visit the statue.
Over 100 years later, the Statue of Liberty continues to climb in popularity. Every class, 4.5 million people batch by ferry to see the sculpture—and, in May of 2019, to visit the fresh Statue of Liberty Museum .
Planned to be “ the most monumental addition to Liberty Island since the Statue herself, ” this institution will make a trip to Lady Liberty even more meaningful, bright guests “ a newfangled way to experience history. ”
DON’T FORGET YOUR CITYPASS!
My Modern Met Tip: CityPASS is the best way to see New York City ‘s top attractions—they ’ ra bundled to save you 42 % on entree. Included are The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Guggenheim Museum, Ferry Access to Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, 9/11 Memorial & Museum, and Empire State Building. And better yet, when you have the pass, you ‘ll get priority entrance into some of them. It ’ s a win-win !
This article has been edited and updated.
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