The lives of ancient people depended on being able to accurately predict the cycles of the seasons. Everything about ancient Iranians and their zoroastrian root goes back to their acute focus and deference for nature and its cyclic patterns. Through centuries of observations and recordings, they were able to come up with a arrangement, that would help them predict when to establish, water, harvest and store their critical food supplies. That ancient system of counting the cycles of the sun has been in place for over 3,000 years, and it all began with Nowruz. Nowruz, the Persian national festival is the most well-known and important event in central Asia. The celebration coincides with March 21st when spring comes to ancient Persia and makes the area sol bouncy and park. The atmosphere changes amply, people are more cheerful and smiling on the streets. Shops are decorated with Nowruz stuff and nature cooperates with the event. As elegant Persian poet Hafiz says : “ Springtime is here again/With the capture of roses./Look at their bracing cheeks/And the bitter plant of sadness/Will be uprooted from your heart ” .
Lexicology and Roots
The word Nowruz consists of two words in Persian, ‘ now ’ means new and ‘ ruz ’ means day. ‘ New Day ’ fits a beneficial championship for the first base day of the calendar, but the give voice doesn ’ t define barely one day. It includes a period of 13 days celebrating the advent of spring. indeed, the first day of jump is the beginning of both the Persian modern year and the official calendar in Iran and Afghanistan. It ’ south besides the official vacation in many other countries like Tajikistan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Iraq, Syria, Georgia, The Republic of Azerbaijan, Albania, China, Turkey, Turkmenistan, India and Uzbekistan. Nowruz has roots in zoroastrian ceremonies and rituals.
Like any old ceremony, Nowruz rituals have changed slightly after 3000 years. ancient Iranians were zoroastrian and in this religion, fire is considered holy. They believed it ’ mho pure and can ’ triiodothyronine get any abomination. besides, Fire illuminates any darkness and accounts for the truth and clearness. They called their God, Ahura Mazda and believed that fire is his most significant endow to humans. Nowruz was a manner to praise Ahura Mazda for all given blessings. Zoroastrians besides supposed the ghosts of their ancestors would come to their houses in Nowruz. So they kept cleaning houses and decorate them by spring flowers. In the first day of Nowruz, they used to set fire at dawn and make things ready for the festival. While the aroma of fruit, burned rue source and frankincense would spread in the vent, whispering Avesta ( Zoroastrians ’ holy script ) and praising Ahura Mazda could be heard. Zoroastrians thanked him for all blessings. The celebration continued with dance and chanting around the ardor. In some cities, where Zoroastrians reside, they may celebrate Nowruz precisely like the by, but it has changed a small after so many years. modern Iranians start the ritual as the first sign of spring by cleaning their houses. They may even begin it a solid calendar month before Nowruz. The concept of houseclean has a simile to remove any grudges from the heart. If two persons are in a sulk, they normally try to make it up. People go clothes shop deoxyadenosine monophosphate well. They merely wear new clothes while visiting each early in Nowruz. Everything should be clean and new before the new year comes. Another reason, people go shopping during this clock time is to buy material for Nowruz table. At this clock of the year, if you walk on Iran ’ s streets you ’ ll confront lots of shops or vendors selling fleeceable plants, aromatic flowers or playful goldfish.
Preparing the mesa of Haft-sin
While every irani draw ready for Nowruz, one of the major things they do is set up a Haft-Sin.Haft-Sin literally means “ Seven S ”. Iranians set up a beautifully decorated table using seven S ’, each describing one thing. These seven items include Sabzeh ( Wheatgrass ), Samanu ( Wheat Pudding ), Seer ( Garlic ), Senjed ( Russian Olive ), Seeb ( Apple ), Serkeh ( Vinegar ), Sumac ( Somagh ). It is common to have a goldfish, Sonbol Flower ( Hyacinth ), coin, the holy place book of Quran, poetry book of Hafez, colored eggs, and a mirror. Each of these items represents a symbol in real life :
- Sabzeh (wheatgrass) represents rebirth
- Apple is the representer of beauty
- Sumac is the symbol of sunrise
- Samanu or the wheat pudding is the strength and power
- Vinegar is the symbol of patience
- Garlic represents health
- Russian olive is the symbol of love
Let ’ s begin with Sabzeh, grass which is formed in a plate normally with a decoration around it. Sabzeh can be grown at family about 20 days ahead. Different kinds of seeds can be used. They largely plant lentils or wheat these days. This is the most beautiful and alert detail which brings green tinge and freshness to the mesa. It can have roots in Ancient Persia, king ’ s workers used to build 12 adobe column inside the castle before Nowruz, then plant seeds over them. If they would flourish, the king would be delighted and it would be considered as a lucky consecrate for all the year. This is one of the reasons, people put it on the table. In fact, it ’ s the sign of luxuriance and good fortune .
following is ‘ Sib ’ or apple in Persian. Apple is a sign of kindness and health. It ’ s the tradition that an elder person puts an apple on the postpone because they ’ re normally concerned about early family members ’ health .
Another item starting with ‘ Sin ’ is Seer, plainly garlic in English. They put garlic bulb for disinfection and removing evil eyes. Zoroastrians believed garlic ’ s smell would push the devils away .
‘ Serkeh ’ or vinegar is another Sin, which has a exchangeable affair to garlic, to clear and refresh air out or remove a curse. besides a sign for being firm and having old senesce .
‘ Samaq ’ or ‘ Sumac ’ is one of the species of flowering plants, which produces crimson berries. Due to its nice sour taste, you can add it to food as a spice. Sumac is the sign of solitaire and the relish of life on the mesa .
Sanjed or oleaster, besides called russian olive is an comestible light brown fruit. They put Sanjed on the mesa as the symbol of wisdom of solomon as it can enhance the memory. Another reason is that they say the leaves and blossoms of this plant have a very pleasant smell .
The last item is Samanu, a sweet paste made from shoot wheat, which is cooked particularly for Nowruz. Although it ’ s very delicious and alimentary but takes lots of time to be prepared. The amaze point about Samanu is that it ’ s sweet without adding any boodle and the alone ingredients are wheat, flour, and urine. ‘ Sekeh ’ is an extra choice, it is coin in Persian and is the symbol of wealth, they place it on the mesa to earn lots of money in the iranian modern year.
People use other emblematic objects, apart from these ‘ haft sin ’ items. Mostly decorations, which can cover the concept of the Nowruz board ampere well. For case, painted eggs, which is normally done by kids and makes them excited about working with unlike colors. It ’ s a sign of human races with different skin colors, which all should cooperate with each other to have a better world. The goldfish shows animation and refreshments. Candles in the Haft Sin table are the signs of happiness and light in liveliness and they ’ re normally the like number as family members. The mirror shows the space earth of God and besides clearness. A Bowl of body of water with tangerine floating on acme shows the apparent motion of the ground .
The 13th day is considered to be a bad omen. The thirteenth day is called Sizdah Bedar. In iranian, Sizdah means 13 and Bedar refers to pushing all negative energies away. On this day, relatives will normally have picnics as they try to have fun outside in parks or forest. That ’ second why it ’ second besides considered as Nature ’ s day in Iran. One of the traditions of this day is to tie a knot of grass, the same Sabzah which was used for Haft Sin. Next, they normally throw it into a river, lake or any stream. In general, their purpose is to be able to solve problems and fulfill dreams in newly year. Some singles consider it as a way to get married in future and some believe it ’ s a promise with nature to be constantly youthful and fresh .
Shopping New Clothes – Getting Ready for Visiting the Family
traditionally, during the Nowruz holidays, or as Iranians call it “ Eid ”, people go to the house of relatives to congratulation the coming of the new class and then they will visit them back. In order to go through this “ Did-o-Bazdid ” ceremony, it is believed that you must wear newfangled clothes. so, one of the things thatpeople do to prepare for Nowruz is shopping for raw clothes. however, it may be more thrilling for children to go shop for the raw class and wear newly clothes to visit their family and receive their “ Eidi ” which is money given to children as a endowment .
Preparing Sabzi Polo and Mahi – Dinner Tradition the Night Before Nowruz
Every iranian family prepares Sabzi Polo and Fish ( Mahi ) as dinner the last night before the newfangled year. It is said that this custom comes from the clock time of the Prophet Solomon who found his ring in the stomach of a fish. however, some people see it as symbols. The herb that go with rice to make “ Sabzi Polo ” can be interpreted as leap and the rice can be the representer of grace. The fish is interpreted as happiness .
Let’s Clean the House Completely – An Important Part of Preparation: Khoone Tekooni Let ’ s Clean the House Completely – An Important Part of Preparation : Khoone Tekooni
There is this one tradition that matters most to the housewives who put this in their priority of “ Getting Ready for Nowruz ” tilt. This ritual is called “ Khaneh Tekani ”, literally meaning “ shaking down the theater ”. however, Iranians do not shake their houses. All they do is barely cleaning every position and every closet in their sign of the zodiac. From the carpets and curtains to doors and windows. The idea is you clean up your house and residential district, and spruce it up, in an effort to keep the evil away from your house .
Chaharshanbe Soori – Celebrating the last Wednesday of the year
Chaharshanbe Soori is celebrated with families, friends, and sometimes neighbors getting together in the alleys or outside the cities, prepare a burn, leap out over it and spend a fantastic time together. The idea behind this celebration is to forget all about the last class and prepare for a whole new opportunity. While jumping over the displace people sing “ Zardi-ye man azimuth to, Sorkhi-ye to az serviceman ”. This phrase literally means “ my yellow to you, your red to me ”. The “ Yellowness ” represents nausea and bad fortune, which is thrown away in the fire, and the fire ’ mho “ Redness ” gives them health and military capability .
Buying Nuts and Sweets – Ready for the Guests to Come
An significant character of the Nowruz Holidays is when the guests visit your sign of the zodiac. In addition to fruits and irani tea, there are some other things that you can find in every iranian house during Eid-e Nowruz. These things include nuts and sweets. Pistachios, chickpeas, hazelnuts, cashews, and walnuts are some of the most favorable nuts in iranian acculturation. If you are visiting Isfahan during Nowruz, they will welcome you with their especial sweet, Gaz. So, just espouse this irani acculturation and enjoy every second of it. We all wish you a happy Nowruz or as Iranians say, “ Nowruz Mobarak ” .
In 2010, the United Nations submitted the International Nowruz Day. Nowruz shares similar ideas with cultural diverseness and friendship among diverse countries. As its perception is very close to UNESCO ’ sulfur policies, it ’ mho registered on the UNESCO World Heritage ampere well. In conclusion, Nowruz is the irani new year celebration. It ’ s the hint that spring is coming to Persia. Everywhere looks green and bracing, trees gain modern leaves and blossoms shine like sparkling pearls. In irani new class, everything should become new and pure from people ’ mho clothes to their houses and reconciliations. The general concept of Nowruz is to have a better life sentence and to be a more peaceful person in the follow year.
The turn of the new irani class in 1401 AH ( 2022 AD )
The begin of the solar year in the iranian calendar is peer to the moment when the sunday reaches the youthful equinox. The moment is delivery of the solar newly year is when the sun ’ s distance from the vernal equinoctial point is zero. The clock time of delivery in 1401 ( one thousand four hundred and one AH ) and the begin of the spring of nature and ancient Nowruz to the official time of the Islamic Republic of Iran is adequate to : 7:03 PM
Sunday, March 20, 2022
Category : Fashion